Ephesians 5:18 unsaved drunk but saved inhale the Spirit

Eph. 5:17 Therefore do not be unwise, but understand what the will of the Lord is. [See Prov. 20:1 “… whoever is led astray by it is not wise”.]

Eph. 5:18 And do not be drunk with wine, in which is {asōtia} dissipation; but be filled with the Spirit

(NKJV)

Spirit

The original Greek term pneuma had no dual meaning of alcoholic spirits (e.g. rum, vodka) – unlike today’s English term spirit. Rather, the Holy Spirit Himself is like breath. (See John 3:8; 20:22.) As you inhale, your stomach is squeezed smaller. Because God has given you the Spirit of wisdom, you now understand what the will of the Lord is (Eph. 1:17; 5:17; 1 Cor. 2:13). By contrast, others are led astray by drinking (Prov. 20:1). Their expanded stomachs expel the breath from their lungs. (They exhale the Spirit, so to speak.) So they do not understand what the will of the Lord is (Eph. 5:17). Because they drink, they are not sober in all things (2 Tim. 4:5), and so they cannot distinguish between the holy and the unholy (Lev. 10:10).

No Salvation

Asōtia: no salvation (from a = negative prefix, sōtia = save) (Do not misunderstand the English term “excess” of KJV.)

Compare: “5 … constitute in each city elders, as I to thee gave orders; 6 if any one is irreproachable… not under an accusation of {asōtia} profligacy … 7 It behooves for the overseer irreproachable to be, as of God a steward; … not a wine-drinker …”

(Titus 1:5-7, Emphatic Diaglott New Testament)

1 Pet. 4:3 For we have spent enough of our past lifetime in doing the will of the Gentiles–when we walked in …drunkenness, revelries, drinking parties… 4 In regard to these, they think it strange that you do not run with them in the same flood of {asōtia} dissipation, speaking evil of you.

(NKJV)

Numbers 6:3 Which wines did Nazarites reject?

Numbers 6:3 – The Nazarites are separated from:

  • {yayin} “wine” (in the first instance here it is ordinary grape juice as in Isa. 16:10 and Jer. 48:33).
  • {shekhar} “cider” (in the first instance here it is not “strong” drink – as I perceive it is not in Num. 28:7; Deut. 14:26).
  • {chometz yayin} literally “fermented grape juice,” “fermented yayin” (as in Lev. 10:9, but not the first form of yayin). “As the ancients did not scientifically distinguish between the alcoholic and acetous fermentations, the generic word signifying ‘fermented’ was used to describe both.” (Numbers 6:1-4, Temperance Bible Commentary)
  • {chometz shekhar} literally “fermented cider” (as in Lev. 10:9, but not the first form of cider).
  • {mishra} an infusion, for example a drink made from leftover macerated grape pulp – soaked in water (a bit different than ordinary grape juice “wine” already mentioned at the start of verse 3).
  • moist {enab} grapes. Apparently it was unnecessary for Num. 6 to mention tirosh (“grapes” in Mic. 6:15 ESV) because it mentions enab (grapes) anyway.
  • dried {enab} grapes.

1. The Origin of wine “yayin” and its subsequent decay… 2. “chometz yayin” 3. “chometz”

  1. yayin” (Num. 6:3, 20) unfermented grape juice simply called “yayin” here and elsewhere in the Bible (not fermented and not intoxicating).
  2. chometz yayin” “fermented wine” (this phrase only in Num. 6:3) also simply called “yayin” elsewhere in the Bible (fermented and intoxicating). Wine, cider, and bread become chometz (leavened, fermented) only because wild yeast or cultured yeast begins to cause decay. Otherwise wine etc. would remain in the original state. (Everything chometz is excluded from the Passover and the Unleavened Feast.)
  3. chometz” (Prov. 10:26; 25:20) “vinegar”, regardless of being made from wine or from another source. (Vinegar is fermented but not intoxicating). Old techniques used to prevent alcoholic wine from turning to vinegar were also able to prevent wine from turning into alcoholic wine itself.

Judges 9:13 grapes “tirosh” cheer God and men

“But the vine said to them, ‘Shall I leave my TIROSH [grapes] that cheers God and men and go hold sway over the trees?’” (Judges 9:13)

cluster of green grapes
Tirosh – Grapes (Micah 6:15)

See the meaning of tirosh, as one “…shall tread grapes (tirosh), but not drink wine (yayin).” (Mic. 6:15 ESV) Unfermented grape juice in Isa. 16:10 was indeed within the meaning of yayin – and in Prov. 23:29-35 alcoholic wine was also within the meaning of yayin. The vine itself simply has solid grapes, namely tirosh in Hebrew.

Continue reading “Judges 9:13 grapes “tirosh” cheer God and men”

Jesus no drinker at Last Supper nor at Calvary

flat unleavened bread being cooked in oven with fire

“Seven days ye eat unleavened things; only—in the first day ye cause {seor} leaven to cease out of your houses; for any one eating anything {chametz/chometz} fermented from the first day till the seventh day, even that person hath been cut off from Israel.” (Exodus 12:15, Young’s Literal Translation)

The Last Supper was after preparations for the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Things. No leaven was in the upper room! (See Ex. 12:15,19.) Unleavened bread, etc. has symbolic meaning at this feast (1 Cor. 5:8). Yeast itself (שְׂאֹר seor in Hebrew) and everything leavened/fermented is absolutely excluded. But refusing alcoholic drinks always has practical benefits: so that you can distinguish between the holy and unholy (Lev. 10:10). Christians are expected to be sober perfectly, vigilant at all times, not only at certain times (Luke 21:34; 1 Pet. 1:13-17; 1 Pet. 5:8; 2 Tim. 4:5).

Let’s look at the Greek words at the Last Supper, at the beginning of the crucifixion, and finally at the end of the crucifixion:

1. At the Last Supper: none of the gospels use the word wine (oinos). He gave “the fruit of the vine” (gennematos tes ampelou) at the Last Supper (Matt. 26:29; Mark 14:25; Luke 22:18).

2. At the beginning of the crucifixion: Jesus refused the vinegar (oxos) that was mixed with poison (chole) (Matt. 27:34). Like Matthew 27:34 (MT & TR), the Septuagint also says both chole and oxos in Ps. 69:21. The Hebrew of Ps. 69:21 says poison (rosh) for food and vinegar (chometz) for drink. Luke 23:36 says vinegar (oxos). Mark 15:23 says Jesus refused wine that had bitterness (oinos smurnizo) at the beginning of the crucifixion. Mark’s gospel does not later repeat the term “oinos smurnizo” – nor even wine (oinos).

At the beginning of the crucifixion, at Luke 23:36, the Majority Text (MT), Textus Receptus (TR) and Westcott-Hort (WH) texts say soldiers offered oxos (vinegar) to Jesus. At Matthew 27:34, the MT & TR say oxos (vinegar) mixed with chole (poison) and WH says oinos (wine) mixed with poison. Jesus rejected the poisonous drink! At Mark 15:23, the MT, TR & WH texts say oinos (wine) with smurnizo (bitterness) – what Jesus refused!

3. Later, near the end of the crucifixion: Jesus accepted plain vinegar (oxos) when He said, “I thirst.” (John 19:28) Here John only cites the final clause of Ps. 69:21 about vinegar for drink, but not the first clause about poison offered for food. John 19:29-30 says vinegar (oxos). Matt. 27:48 and Mark 15:36 also say vinegar (oxos) not wine (oinos). This time it was not mixed with poison. So this time He accepted plain vinegar.

Continue reading “Jesus no drinker at Last Supper nor at Calvary”

Grape juice already called YAYIN (wine) in the press!

יין Yayin did not first become “wine” only if it fermented later, after it was pressed. Both simple grape juice and intoxicating juice were called yayin in the original Hebrew of the Old Testament.

(Both were called οινος oinos in the original Greek of the New Testament.)

See also: Shekhar – meaning sweet drink or strong drink in Bible? (Deut. 14:26)

(And: broad meaning of wine (yayin) – documented.)

Nobody is denying yayin was intoxicating (sometimes anyway). Nobody is denying that “{yayin} wine is a mocker…” (Prov. 20:1) Indeed, Levitical priests who drank at all in God’s house were even threatened with capital punishment.* With clear minds, they could distinguish between the holy and the unholy (Lev. 10:9-10).

*Now unrepentant persons are put away from church membership, that is all. (1 Cor. 5:2,9-13) Unless they repent of “envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these,” they will not inherit the kingdom of God! (Gal. 5:21)

But here see for yourself where YAYIN was NOT always intoxicating…

Continue reading “Grape juice already called YAYIN (wine) in the press!”

Churches know boozy events exclude real men

I remember listening to a real man’s concerns who had acknowledged to me that he had become addicted to alcohol.He already wanted to quit drinking. He told me that he no longer even goes to the Christmas celebrations of his relatives. That is because he knows that alcohol would be present. He knows that if he attends, then he will resume his old drinking ways again. So he does not attend. But he feels excluded at most places (besides Alcoholics Anonymous meetings).

Then I asked myself – should a church (consciously or not) make others like him feel somehow excluded from any of its events in the same way?
The man is already self-conscious about this matter. Now should he have to blow a trumpet everywhere that he goes and announce: Hear ye, Hear ye, I am hopelessly addicted? I hope not! But deliberately or not, he is still made to feel unwelcome since he now wants to escape his old ways. Rather, he should be supported that he already wants to quit. Let us “bear one another’s burdens” and let me beware myself too. I must consider myself, lest I also be tempted by it.

“envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries, and the like; of which I tell you beforehand, just as I also told you in time past, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God….

Brethren, if a man is overtaken in any trespass, you who are spiritual restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness, considering yourself lest you also be tempted. Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.”

(Galatians 5:21; 6:1-2)

We are not of the night nor of darkness. I do hope all will agree that church events without any alcohol are never the worse because they are without it.

“The harp and the strings, The tambourine and flute, And wine are in their feasts; But they do not regard the work of the LORD, Nor consider the operation of His hands. Therefore my people have gone into captivity, Because they have no knowledge; Their honorable men are famished, And their multitude dried up with thirst.”

(Isaiah 5:12-13)

FALSE: Jesus fails responsible serving of alcohol license?!

See: Bible says be sober again and again

3 But I am afraid that as the serpent deceived Eve by his cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ.
4 For if someone comes and proclaims another Jesus than the one we proclaimed, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or if you accept a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it readily enough.”

(2 Corinthians 11:3-4)

Re: “How did Jesus celebrate? With Sam Chan.” The event description says: “Did you know Jesus was accused of partying too hard?” The same event description is repeated from an earlier message of Sam Chan (4 Feb. 2018). I quote his very deceiving and shameful statements about another Jesus (supposedly) getting people drunk (and very drunk):

Continue reading “FALSE: Jesus fails responsible serving of alcohol license?!”

Nephalism – teetotalism in Bible and Greek usage

Nephalism definition

Nephalism: teetotalism; total abstinence from consuming alcohol.

Nephalism: “total abstinence from alcoholic beverages” (Miriam-Webster Dictionary)

History and Etymology for nephalism: Middle Greek nēphalismos soberness, from Greek nēphalios sober (from nēphein to be sober, drink no wine) (Miriam-Webster Dictionary)

This term is of Greek origin, and found in Scripture.

Nephō: “to be free from the influence of intoxicants.” (Vine’s Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words)

Nēphaleos: “of drink, unmixed with wine… sober … of persons” (Liddell and Scott Lexicon)

Nephalism examples in Scripture (Greek New Testament)

1 Cor. 15:32 If I fought with animals at Ephesus for human purposes, what does it profit me? If the dead are not raised, then “let’s eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.” [Isa. 22:13]
1 Cor. 15:33 Don’t be deceived! “Evil companionships corrupt good morals.”
1 Cor. 15:34 {Eknēpsate} Get sober righteously, and don’t sin, for some have no knowledge of God. I say this to your shame.

1 Thess. 5:6 so then let’s not sleep, as the rest do, but let’s watch and {nēphōmen} let’s be sober.
1 Thess. 5:7  For those getting sleepy, sleep in the night; and those getting drunk are drunk in the night.
1 Thess. 5:8 But since we belong to the day, {nēphōmen} let’s be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and for a helmet, the hope of salvation.

1 Tim. 3:2 The overseer therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, {nēphalion} sober, sensible, modest, hospitable, good at teaching;
1 Tim. 3:3 not around-wine, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous
Likewise the the deacons have regard for no more wine. (See 1 Tim. 3:8.)
Deaconesses: likewise these women must be “reverent, not slanderers, {nēphalious} sober, faithful in all things” (1 Tim. 3:11)

2 Tim. 2:25 in gentleness correcting those who oppose him: perhaps God may give them repentance leading to a full knowledge of the truth,
2 Tim. 2:26 and {ananēpsōsin} they can again sober up out of the devil’s snare, having been taken captive by him to his will.

2 Tim. 4:5 But you {nēphe} be sober in all things, suffer hardship, do the work of an evangelist, and fulfill your ministry.

Male presbyters: “Old men must be {nēphalious} sober…” (Tit. 2:2) Likewise female presbyters must be controlled by no more wine, and be good teachers. (See Tit. 2:3). Teach the young people to be sensible.

1 Pet. 1:13 Therefore each prepare your mind for action: {nēphontes} be sober, perfectly, set your hope on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ—
1 Pet. 1:14 as children of obedience, not conforming yourselves according to your former lusts as in your ignorance,
1 Pet. 1:15 but just as he who called you is holy, you yourselves also be holy in all of your behavior

1 Pet. 4:1 Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind; for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin,
1 Pet. 4:2 that you no longer should live the rest of your time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.
1 Pet. 4:3 For we have spent enough of our past time doing the desire of the Gentiles, and having walked in lewdness, lusts, drunken binges, orgies, parties, and abominable idolatries.
1 Pet. 4:4 They think it strange – because you don’t run together into their own un-saved outburst – maligning you.

1 Pet. 4:7 But the end of all things is near. Therefore be sensible, and {nēpsate} be sober in prayers.

1 Pet. 5:8 {Nēpsate} Be sober! Be watchful! Your adversary, the devil, walks around like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.

Other examples of “Nephalism”

“The leavings of the caterpillar the grasshopper has devoured,
and the leavings of the grasshopper the locust larva has devoured,
and the leavings of the locust larva the rust has devoured.
{Eknēpsate} Sober up, drunkards, from their wine and weep;
wail, all you who drink wine unto intoxication…” (Joel 1:4-5, New English Translation of the Septuagint) Of course this same word in 1 Cor. 15:34 cannot be translated as merely reduce your drinking, o drunkards.

Greek historian Xenophon (Cyropaedia 7.5) said Cyrus gave a pep talk to his soldiers shortly before the great Babylonian Chaldean Empire was successfully overthrown (539 B.C.):

“we are now to march are the same men that we have repeatedly defeated, and that, too, when they were all drawn up in battle line with their allies at their side, and when they were all wide awake and {nēphontas} sober and fully armed; whereas now we are going to fall upon them at a time when many of them are asleep, many drunk, and none of them in battle array. And when they find out that we are inside the walls, in their panic fright they will be much more helpless still than they are now.”

“Then Noe {exenēpsen} sobered up from the wine…” (Gen. 9:24, New English Translation of the Septuagint) Noe = Noah.

“And it happened in the morning, when Nabal had {exenēpsen} sobered up from the wine…” (1 Sam. 25:37, New English Translation of the Septuagint)

In Lamentations (Septuagint – Lam. 2:18; 3:49), somebody’s tears won’t run {eknēpsin} “dry”. In a similar way the English term “dry” sometimes describes places where alcohol is prohibited, and sometimes it means lacking moisture.

“After this the soul goes on to deny that it drinks wine or strong drink, boasting in its being continually {nēphein} sober throughout the whole of its life. For to have the reasoning powers really free, and unfettered, and pure, and intoxicated by no passion, was really a very important and admirable thing.” (Philo, Drunkenness, 37, 151, translated by Charles Duke Yonge from Greek)

“He also enjoined them, not only to observe purity in their sacred ministrations, but in their daily conversation, that it might be unblamable also. And on this account it is that those who wear the sacerdotal garments are without spot [Compare 2 Pet. 3:14], and eminent for their purity and {nēphalioi} sobriety [Compare 1 Pet. 1:13; 4:7; 5:8]: nor are they permitted to drink wine so long as they wear those garments [Compare Rev. 7:13-14]. Moreover, they offer sacrifices that are entire, and have no defect whatsoever.” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, 3.12.2 (278-279), translated by William Whiston from Greek)

Josephus was commenting about priests who were — under great penalty — required to be sober wearing the sacerdotal garments: “Do not drink wine or intoxicating drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations, that you may distinguish between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean, and that you may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD has spoken to them by the hand of Moses.” (Lev. 10:9-11)

Greek word forms

G366: ἀνανήφω, ἀνανήψωσιν, ανανήψωσιν, ἀνανήφει.

G1594: ἐκνήφω , ἐκνήψατε, εκνηψουσιν, εκνηψιν, εκνηψον, εξενηψεν.

G3524: νηφάλεος, νηφαλέος, νηφάλιος, νηφάλιον, νηφαλίους.

G3525: νήφω, νήφωμεν, νῆφε, νήφοντες, νήψατε,
νῆψις.

English word forms

nephalism

nephalist

nephalistic

nepsis

Tertullian said Timothy not drinking would help his stomach (160-220 AD)

See: 1 Timothy 5:23 why non-alcoholic wine for Timothy’s stomach

Tertullian (c. 160-220 AD) strikingly compared the strong penalty of the Levitical priests to ministers in the Church. ‘For abstinence from wine withal has honourable badges of its own… So true is it, that such as shall have ministered in the Church, being not sober, shall “die”’. Continue reading “Tertullian said Timothy not drinking would help his stomach (160-220 AD)”

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