FALSE: Jesus fails responsible serving of alcohol license?!

See: Bible says be sober again and again

3 But I am afraid that as the serpent deceived Eve by his cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ.
4 For if someone comes and proclaims another Jesus than the one we proclaimed, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or if you accept a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it readily enough.”

(2 Corinthians 11:3-4)

Re: “How did Jesus celebrate? With Sam Chan.” The event description says: “Did you know Jesus was accused of partying too hard?” The same event description is repeated from an earlier message of Sam Chan (4 Feb. 2018). I quote his very deceiving and shameful statements about another Jesus (supposedly) getting people drunk (and very drunk):

Continue reading “FALSE: Jesus fails responsible serving of alcohol license?!”

Nephalism – teetotalism in Bible and Greek usage

Nephalism definition

Nephalism: teetotalism; total abstinence from consuming alcohol.

Nephalism: “total abstinence from alcoholic beverages” (Miriam-Webster Dictionary)

History and Etymology for nephalism: Middle Greek nēphalismos soberness, from Greek nēphalios sober (from nēphein to be sober, drink no wine) (Miriam-Webster Dictionary)

This term is of Greek origin, and found in Scripture.

Nephō: “to be free from the influence of intoxicants.” (Vine’s Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words)

Nēphaleos: “of drink, unmixed with wine… sober … of persons” (Liddell and Scott Lexicon)

Nephalism examples in Scripture (Greek New Testament)

1 Cor 15:32 If I fought with animals at Ephesus for human purposes, what does it profit me? If the dead are not raised, then “let’s eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.” [Isa. 22:13]
1 Cor 15:33 Don’t be deceived! “Evil companionships corrupt good morals.”
1 Cor 15:34 {Eknēpsate} Get sober righteously, and don’t sin, for some have no knowledge of God. I say this to your shame.

1 Thess 5:6 so then let’s not sleep, as the rest do, but let’s watch and {nēphōmen} let’s be sober.
1 Thess 5:7  For those getting sleepy, sleep in the night; and those getting drunk are drunk in the night.
1 Thess 5:8 But since we belong to the day, {nēphōmen} let’s be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and for a helmet, the hope of salvation.

1 Tim 3:2 The overseer therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, {nēphalion} sober, sensible, modest, hospitable, good at teaching;
1 Tim 3:3 not around-wine, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous
Likewise the the deacons have regard for no more wine. (See 1 Tim. 3:8.)
Deaconesses: likewise these women must be “reverent, not slanderers, {nēphalious} sober, faithful in all things” (1 Tim. 3:11)

2 Tim 2:25 in gentleness correcting those who oppose him: perhaps God may give them repentance leading to a full knowledge of the truth,
2 Tim 2:26 and {ananēpsōsin} they can again sober up out of the devil’s snare, having been taken captive by him to his will.

2 Tim 4:5 But you {nēphe} be sober in all things, suffer hardship, do the work of an evangelist, and fulfill your ministry.

Male presbyters: “Old men must be {nēphalious} sober…” (Tit. 2:2) Likewise female presbyters must be controlled by no more wine, and be good teachers. (See Tit. 2:3). Teach the young people to be sensible.

1 Pet 1:13 Therefore each prepare your mind for action: {nēphontes} be sober, perfectly, set your hope on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ—
1 Pet 1:14 as children of obedience, not conforming yourselves according to your former lusts as in your ignorance,
1 Pet 1:15 but just as he who called you is holy, you yourselves also be holy in all of your behavior

1 Pet 4:1 Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind; for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin,
1 Pet 4:2 that you no longer should live the rest of your time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.
1 Pet 4:3 For we have spent enough of our past time doing the desire of the Gentiles, and having walked in lewdness, lusts, drunken binges, orgies, parties, and abominable idolatries.
1 Pet 4:4 They think it strange – because you don’t run together into their own un-saved outburst – maligning you.

1 Pet 4:7 But the end of all things is near. Therefore be sensible, and {nēpsate} be sober in prayers.

1 Pet 5:8 {Nēpsate} Be sober! Be watchful! Your adversary, the devil, walks around like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.

Other examples of “Nephalism”

“The leavings of the caterpillar the grasshopper has devoured,
and the leavings of the grasshopper the locust larva has devoured,
and the leavings of the locust larva the rust has devoured.
{Eknēpsate} Sober up, drunkards, from their wine and weep;
wail, all you who drink wine unto intoxication…” (Joel 1:4-5, New English Translation of the Septuagint) Of course this same word in 1 Cor. 15:34 cannot be translated as merely reduce your drinking, o drunkards.

Greek historian Xenophon (Cyropaedia 7.5) said Cyrus gave a pep talk to his soldiers shortly before the great Babylonian Chaldean Empire was successfully overthrown (539 B.C.):

“we are now to march are the same men that we have repeatedly defeated, and that, too, when they were all drawn up in battle line with their allies at their side, and when they were all wide awake and {nēphontas} sober and fully armed; whereas now we are going to fall upon them at a time when many of them are asleep, many drunk, and none of them in battle array. And when they find out that we are inside the walls, in their panic fright they will be much more helpless still than they are now.”

“Then Noe {exenēpsen} sobered up from the wine…” (Gen. 9:24, New English Translation of the Septuagint) Noe = Noah.

“And it happened in the morning, when Nabal had {exenēpsen} sobered up from the wine…” (1 Sam 25:37, New English Translation of the Septuagint)

In Lamentations (Septuagint – Lam. 2:18; 3:49), somebody’s tears won’t run {eknēpsin} “dry”. In a similar way the English term “dry” sometimes describes places where alcohol is prohibited, and sometimes it means lacking moisture.

“After this the soul goes on to deny that it drinks wine or strong drink, boasting in its being continually {nēphein} sober throughout the whole of its life. For to have the reasoning powers really free, and unfettered, and pure, and intoxicated by no passion, was really a very important and admirable thing.” (Philo, Drunkenness, 37, 151, translated by Charles Duke Yonge from Greek)

“He also enjoined them, not only to observe purity in their sacred ministrations, but in their daily conversation, that it might be unblamable also. And on this account it is that those who wear the sacerdotal garments are without spot [Compare 2 Pet. 3:14], and eminent for their purity and {nēphalioi} sobriety [Compare 1 Pet. 1:13; 4:7; 5:8]: nor are they permitted to drink wine so long as they wear those garments [Compare Rev. 7:13-14]. Moreover, they offer sacrifices that are entire, and have no defect whatsoever.” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, 3.12.2 (278-279), translated by William Whiston from Greek)

Josephus was commenting about priests who were — under great penalty — required to be sober wearing the sacerdotal garments: “Do not drink wine or intoxicating drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations, that you may distinguish between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean, and that you may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD has spoken to them by the hand of Moses.” (Lev. 10:9-11)

Greek word forms

G366: ἀνανήφω, ἀνανήψωσιν, ανανήψωσιν, ἀνανήφει.

G1594: ἐκνήφω , ἐκνήψατε, εκνηψουσιν, εκνηψιν, εκνηψον, εξενηψεν.

G3524: νηφάλεος, νηφαλέος, νηφάλιος, νηφάλιον, νηφαλίους.

G3525: νήφω, νήφωμεν, νῆφε, νήφοντες, νήψατε,
νῆψις.

English word forms

nephalism

nephalist

nephalistic

nepsis

Tertullian said Timothy not drinking would help his stomach (160-220 AD)

See: 1 Timothy 5:23 why non-alcoholic wine for Timothy’s stomach

Tertullian (c. 160-220 AD) strikingly compared the strong penalty of the Levitical priests to ministers in the Church. ‘For abstinence from wine withal has honourable badges of its own… So true is it, that such as shall have ministered in the Church, being not sober, shall “die”’. Continue reading “Tertullian said Timothy not drinking would help his stomach (160-220 AD)”

Joseph the original “Nazarite”

Joseph the original “Nazarite”

Before Jacob died, he blessed his sons including Joseph: “The blessings of your father Have excelled the blessings of my ancestors, Up to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. They shall be on the head of Joseph, And on the crown of the head of him who was separate [separate in Hebrew: nazar] from his brothers.” (Gen. 49:26)

“The majority opinion of the rabbis is that Joseph always kept in mind his father and brothers. Some declare that during the 22 years he was away from home he drank no wine (Shab. 139a; Gen. R. 94:25).” (New World Encyclopedia)

Certainly Joseph could not expect to behave wisely if he were to drink and forget the law. (Prov. 31:5) This is true regardless of Joseph technically taking a Nazarite vow or not.

Interestingly this term nazar describing Joseph in Gen. 49:26 is the term used of the Nazarite vow in Numbers 6:1-21. Besides alcoholic wine, Jewish usage of Hebrew clearly shows simple grape juice was also within the meaning of “yayin” wine: “Wine … when the grapes have been crushed and the wine begins to flow, even though it has not descended into the cistern and is still in the wine press.” (Sefer Kedushah, MaAchalot Assurot, Ch. 11, Halacha 11) Continue reading “Joseph the original “Nazarite””

Bible says be sober again and again

Leviticus 10:8-11 do not drink

Lev 10:8 Then the LORD spoke to Aaron, saying:

Lev 10:9 “Do not drink wine or intoxicating drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations,

Lev 10:10 that you may distinguish between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean,

Lev 10:11 and that you may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD has spoken to them by the hand of Moses.”

(NKJV) Continue reading “Bible says be sober again and again”

1 Timothy 5:23 why non-alcoholic wine for Timothy’s stomach

See also: Bible says be sober again and again.

“No longer drink only water, but use a little [oinos] wine for your stomach’s sake and your frequent infirmities.” (1 Timothy 5:23) Like the Greek term oinos, the meaning of Hebrew yayin is not limited to alcoholic wine. Below I explain why I understand that Timothy had initially foregone even non-alcoholic [oinos] wine too. Interestingly, the Alcohol Answers site states: “Alcohol, even in relatively small amounts, can interfere with many stomach functions.” Continue reading “1 Timothy 5:23 why non-alcoholic wine for Timothy’s stomach”

Isaiah 25:6 “banquet of preserved things” in Young’s Literal Translation

Isaiah 25:6 in Young’s Literal Translation does not include the word wine at all – because this verse in Hebrew does not say yayin (wine). YLT renders shemarim as “preserved things.” “And made hath Jehovah of Hosts, For all the peoples in this mount, A banquet of fat things, a banquet of preserved things, Fat things full of marrow, preserved things refined.” (Young’s Literal Translation)

Continue reading “Isaiah 25:6 “banquet of preserved things” in Young’s Literal Translation”

The advantages of unfermented grape juice for the Lord’s Supper

See also: Bible says be sober again and again.

Caution with the vague term ‘wine’ in communion service

A minister today needs caution when using unfermented grape juice and simply calling it ‘wine’ during a communion service. Participants may become confused, unless it is specifically stated that it is not the fermented type. They may know the term ‘wine’ is variously understood by different Christians (more so than other terms). Whatever the meanings of ‘wine’ – the Holy Bible itself does not use this particular term ‘wine’ (oinos) in reference to the Lord’s Supper. In every case, the Gospels only say ‘the fruit of the vine’ or ‘the cup’ (Matt. 26:27-29; Mark 14:23-25; Luke 22:17-18,20). Continue reading “The advantages of unfermented grape juice for the Lord’s Supper”

All or Nothing – Bottle or Christ

NOT: how much can I get away with, yet perhaps be saved? RATHER: how much can I please the Lord in every way?

‘And if it is with difficulty that the righteous is saved, what will become of the godless man and the sinner?’ (1 Pet. 4:18; Note context: they previously attended drinking parties 4:3 but now became sober & prayerful 4:7 because the final judgement is at hand.) Continue reading “All or Nothing – Bottle or Christ”