"… We should watch and we should BE SOBER. For those sleeping, sleep by night; and those BECOMING drunk, get drunk by night. But we being of the day should be BE SOBER…" (1 Thessalonians 5:6-8) Sober – Nepho: "to be free from the influence of intoxicants." (Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words)
Firstly: nobody is disputing that alcoholic wines existed (but non-fortified). Yet here is some of the evidence why anybody who wished to avoid all alcoholic wine was able to avoid this type in Biblical times.
…the Roman writer Cato, in his treatise On Agriculture, gave this prescription: ‘If you wish to keep new wine sweet the whole year round, put new wine in a jar, cover the stopper with pitch, place the jar in a fishpond, take it out after the thirtieth day; you will have sweet wine all the year round.’ The ancients knew if somebody wanted to get intoxicated, then the sweetest wines were very unsuitable.
The head of WA’s [Western Australia’s] Aboriginal Health Council is calling for alcohol to be made illegal in indigenous communities across the State as the Government considers implementing liquor bans in at least three more townships.
Henry Councillor said the early success of a complete alcohol ban imposed on the remote east Kimberley outpost of Oombulgurri should be held up as a model of what could be achieved in other communities [comment: indigenous or not].
Some of the infamous violent people who give religious ‘fundamentalist’ people a bad name are drinkers themselves – not teetotallers! Yet certain media reporters may have forgotten this. If a terrorist be Islamic and a non-drinker, then secular media may be tempted to sneer at teetotallers generally or Christian ‘fundamentalists.’ Many Christians frown on drinking (not only Moslems). Besides, alcohol often leads to wives being beaten up by their husbands – a more common tragedy than the terrorism of those who drink the same thing. This violence is always tragic. It was never justified – whether the perpetrator be drinking or not, male or not, terrorist or not, Islamic or not. (Clearly, the final example below was not associated with Islam.) Continue reading “Terrorists Who Drink Alcohol”
Throughout his late teens, Welch was active in the Underground Railroad that transported escaped slaves from the south into Canada. In fact, he was not the only Wesleyan Methodist connected to the “Underground Railroad.”
At age 17, Thomas Welch joined the Wesleyan Methodist Connexion, founded the same year (1843).
From its beginning, the Wesleyan Methodist Connexion strongly opposed (1) the “manufacturing, buying, selling, or using intoxicating liquors”, and (2) “slaveholding, buying, or selling” of slaves.
With the first edition of their Discipline, the Wesleyan Methodists expressly required for the Lord’s Supper that “unfermented wine only should be used at the sacrament.” This requirement was about 25 years before Welch used pasteurization. So it is clearly evident that pasteurization was not the only method used to prepare it unfermented. There were traditional methods to prepare unfermented wine (juice) for use at any time during the year, e.g. to reconstitute concentrated grape juice, or to boil raisins, or to add preservatives that prevent juice from fermenting and souring.
When the master of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine [oinos]… the master of the feast called the bridegroom. And he said to him, “Every man at the beginning sets out the good wine, and when the guests have well drunk [are satisfied], then the inferior. You have kept the good wine until now!”
Oinos a generic word: NOT ALL oinos wine alcoholic (water to wine)
…oinos is used in the Septuagint for both fermented and unfermented grape juice. Since it can mean either one, it is valid to insist that in some cases it may simply mean grape juice and not fermented wine.
‘…We believe that the sale and trafficking of tobacco, alcohol and other nonmedicinal drugs is a social evil which is draining and corrupting to society, and thus we believe that the best position is to practice total abstinence, protesting both the legal and illegal trade of such substances.’
Wesleyan Methodist Church of Australia, 1997, ‘Statement on Social Issues’, National Conference Minutes, p. 104.
‘alcohol, tobacco, other harmful drugs … we deplore the industry created by the production of these substances and believe that even where these substances are legalised – total abstinence is the appropriate response.Eph. 5:15-18; Prov. 23:31-32; Prov. 31:4‘
Handbook of The Wesleyan Methodist Church of Australia (2016), 187:2
‘Only unfermented grape juice shall be used in observing the Lord’s Supper.‘
Handbook of The Wesleyan Methodist Church of Australia (2016), 1693.
‘No alcohol is permitted during group functions as all activities are to be “dry”.’
Handbook of The Wesleyan Methodist Church of Australia (2016), 1379, Club Solo Small Groups.